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Selected Tafsir of the Qur`an
  Tafsir of Surah an-Nazi`aat
Author: Various Authors (Ibn Kathir, Baghawi, Tabari etc.)
Source: Compiled by Dawud Burbank
Article ID : TFS020001  [25333]  
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  • As-Sa’dee, "The Angels whom Allaah has given the task of carrying out many of the affairs of the world, of the heaven and earth below. With regard to rain, growth of plants, winds, oceans, embryos, animals, Paradise and Hellfire and so on."

Yawma Tarjufur-Raajifah

Rajafa: to be in violent motion, shake violently (the earth in an earthquake)

  • At-Tabaree said, "He, the Most High, says:

The Day when the Earth and mountains quake.

For the first blast:


It is followed by another coming after it which is the second blast following on from the first, for the Ressurrection on the Day of Resurrection." ’Alee, Ibn ’Abbaas, "The first blast."

  • Al-Baghawee said, "Meaning the first blast, at which everything will quake and be in violent commotion, and at which all of the creation will die."


  • At-Tabaree said, "The second blast." Al-Hasan said, "It is two blasts. As for the first, then it will cause the death of the living. As for the second, then at it life will be given to the dead." Then al-Hasan recited:

And the trumpet will be blown, and all who are in the heavens and all who are on the earth will swoon away, except him whom Allaah wills. Then it will be blown a second time and behold, they will be standing, looking on (waiting).

  • Ibn Katheer mentions a hadeeth of Ubayy ibn Ka’b that Allaah’s Messenger, sallallaahu ’alaihi wa salaam, would come out after two-thirds of the night had passed and say, "O People! Remember Allaah! Remember Allaah! The ‘Raajifah’ comes, followed by the ‘Raadifah.’ Death has come with whatever it holds. Death has come with whatever it holds." Ubayy said, "I said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah! I send salaat upon you a great deal, so how much of my supplications should I make for you?" He said, "Whatever you wish." I said, "A quarter?" He said, "Whatever you wish, and if you increase then it is better for you." I said, "Then a half?" He said, "Whatever you wish, and if you increase then it is better." I said, "Then two thirds?" He said, "Whatever you wish, and if you increase then it is better." I said, "Shall I make all of my supplication for you?" He said, "Then all of your concerns would be taken care of, and your sins forgiven." Declared hasan by Shaikh al-Albaanee, see Saheehut-Tirmidhee, no. 1999.

And concerning the two blowings of the Horn see the hadeeth of Aboo Hurairah, al-Bukhaaree, transl. 6/429, no. 457.

Quloob Yawma‘idhin Waajifah

  • At-Tabaree said, "He, the Most High, says, ‘The heart of His creation on that day will be terrified due to the severe and terrifying occurrence." ’Alee, Ibn ’Abbaas said, "Meaning: fearful, terrified." Qataadah said, "Terrified because of what they see that Day."

Absaaruhaa Khaashi`ah

  • At-Tabaree says, "The gaze of those people will be humbled/lowered due to the disasters and grief, and sorrow, due to fear and terror of what has come upon them, and the horrors of that day."

  • ’Abdur-Rahmaan ibn Zayd (ibn Aslam) said, "Humbled due to the humiliation that has come upon them." Qataadah said, "Humbled."

  • Ash-Sahwkaanee mentions, "’Ataa‘ said, ‘Meaning: the sight of those who died upon other than Islaam.’ And this is shown by the context which refers to the deniers of the Resurrection."

  • As-Sa’dee said, "Meaning: humbled and humiliated. Their hearts are possessed by fear and preoccupied by distress. They are overcome by regret and seized by grief."

Yaqooloona A‘inna la-Mardoodoona fil-Haafirah

Hafara: he dug or cleard it (e.g., the earth or a well)

Haafirah: original state, beginning

  • At-Tabaree said, "These mushriks of Quraysh who denied the Resurrection, when it is said to them that they will be raised up after death, say, ‘Are we to be returned to our original state which we were upon before dying and be alive again as we were before we perished and died.’ And it is from their saying, ‘Raja’a fulaan ’alaa haarifatihi,’ when a person returned from whence he came.

(i) Ibn ’Abbaas said, "(Al-Haafirah said), ‘Life.’" Qataadah said, "I.e., brought back, created anew."

(ii) Al-Haafirah means the earth in which their graves (hufrah) are dug. Mujaahid said, "Al-Haafirah: ‘The earth, we are to be raised up on it and created anew, and resurrected."

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