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Selected Tafsir of the Qur`an
  Tafsir of Surah an-Nazi`aat
Author: Various Authors (Ibn Kathir, Baghawi, Tabari etc.)
Source: Compiled by Dawud Burbank
Article ID : TFS020001  [25331]  
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  • At-Tabaree said, "Allaah, the Most High, says to His Prophet Muhammad, sallallaahu ’alaihi wa salaam, ‘Those deniers of the Resurrection ask you, O Muhammad, about the Last Hour, when the dead will be raised from their graves, (they ask), ‘What is the tie of its establishment and appearance?’’"

  • As-Sa’dee said, "Meaning, the obstinate rejectors of the Resurrection ask you, ‘When will the Last Hour come about?’ So Allaah answered them with His saying:

Fee ma Anta min Dhikraahaa

Fee ma Anta min Dhikraahaa

  • At-Tabaree said, "Allaah says to His Prophet, ‘What have you to do with the Last Hour and seeking to know about that matter?’ And it is mentioned that Allaah’s Messenger, sallallaahu ’alaihi wa salaam, used to frequently mention the Last Hour, until this aayah was sent down.

Ya’qoob ibn Ibraaheem narrated to me saying: Sufyaan ibn ’Uyaynah narrated to us: from az-Zuhree: from ’Urwah: from ’Aa‘ishah who said, "The Prophet, sallallaahu ’alaihi wa sallaam, did not cease asking about the matter of the Last Hour, until there was sent down:

Fee ma Anta min Dhikraahaa, Ilaa Rabbika Muntahaahaa

Mujaahid said regarding, ‘Fee ma Anta min Dhikraahaa’, "The Last Hour."

  • Al-Baghawee said, "’You have no share of the knowledge and mention of that.’ Meaning, ‘You do not know it.’

  • Ash-Shawkaanee said, "Meaning, you have no share of the knowledge and mention of that, rather it is known only to Allaah, the One free from all imperfections. And this is a rebuttal and rejection of the question of the mushriks about that, meaning, ‘What share of that is there for you – so that they should ask you about it when you do not know it?"

  • As-Sa’dee said, "Meaning, what benefit would there be for you or them for it to be mentioned, and for you to know the time of its coming? So there is no benefit in that. Therefore, since the peoples knowing when the Last Hour is contains no benefit for them in their Religion or their worldly life. Rather the benefit is in its being hidden from them. So that is kept hidden from all of the creation, and He alone has knowledge of it."

Ilaa Rabbika Muntahaahaa

  • At-Tabaree said, "He says, ‘Knowledge of it belongs to Him, that is knowledge of the Last Hour is for Him, no one but Him knows the time of its establishment.’"

  • Ibn Katheer said, "Meaning, knowledge of it is not for you or for anyone in the creation, rather its knowledge is with Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic. So He alone knows its specific time. Therefore when Jibreel asked Allaah’s Messenger, sallallaahu ’alaihi wa salaam, about the time of the Last Hour he replied, "The one who is asked about it does not know any better than the one asking."

Innamaa Anta Mundhiru May-Yakhshaahaa

  • At-Tabaree said, "He, the Most High, says to Muhammad, ‘You are juts My Messenger sent to warn of the Last Hour – (to warn) those who fear Allaah’s punishment on that day for their sins. But you are not given the task of knowing the time for its establishment. So leave that which you have not been given as a task, and act upon that which you have been commanded with, as regards warning those you have been ordered to warn.’"

  • Al-Baghawee said, "Meaning, Your warning will only benefit those who fear it."

  • Ibn Katheer said, "Meaning, I have only sent you to alert and warn the people about Allaah’s punishment. So whoever fears Allaah, and fears his having to stand in front of Him and what He has threatened, then such a one will follow you and so be successful and succeed. But loss and disaster will be for those who deny and oppose you,

  • Ash-Shawkaanee said, "You are to warn those who fear establishment of the Last Hour. That is you duty, and it is not a duty upon you that you should inform of the time of the establishment of the Last Hour and so on, from those things the knowledge of which Allaah has kept to Himself." And He particularises the mention of the warning to those who fear since they are the ones who benefit from the warning. Even though he was a warner to every Muslim and kaafir."

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